UNESCO GREEN CITIZEN STORIES- Disaster Risk Management for Sustainable Development
Climate change is projected to increase in frequency, intensity and the cost of disasters in terms of the lives lost and the damages to the social, economic and environmental assets. A prudent approach would involve a host of pre-disaster win-win early adaptation interventions, making recovery faster and loss and damage manageable. If this is coupled with well-conceived response and recovery measures aligned to long-term interests of national development, each iteration of the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Sustainable Development (SD) cycle will improve risk reduction and resilience building.
In order to bridge the gap between the event and the process based approaches and to integrate Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) with sustainability, there needs to be strong policy guidelines. This is highlighted both in the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015’s strategic goal that relate to ‘the integration of disaster risk reduction into sustainable development policies and planning’, and paragraphs 186-189 under the sub-section ‘disaster risk reduction’ of the Rio+20 outcome ‘The future we want’. The lack of integration in this area is the policy issue we propose to address.